Taekwondo is a developed modern sport which is national martial arts of Korea. Historically Korea was divided into three tribes, each one enjoying warrior’s martial arts contests. At that time people learn through analysis of animal’s attacking and defensive techniques. Later rivaling Three Kingdoms were formed known as Koguryo, Paekje and Silla. There was tussle for hegemony among these kingdoms and so they acquire warrior crops that were trained in martial arts. Taekwondo is originated from that time of tribal communities and renowned book of the days, called “Myuedobotongii” (Taekwondo) is the basis of Korean martial arts.
History of Taekwondo is tied with the military history of Korea. Korea’s military history spans back thousands of years, starting with the Kingdom of Gojoseon, consisting on wars against invaders and proudly surviving from thousands of years. Sterling examples of Korean military power are during the Three Kingdoms and subsequent Kingdoms of Unified Silla, Balhae, Goryeo, and Joseon. Throughout Korean history many excellent generals and military commanders bragged, who undertook victorious military campaigns against far superior enemies. Throughout the history martial arts remained at the heart of warrior’s training.
The Koryo (918 A.D. to 1392 A.D.) dynasty unified the Korean peninsula, systematically developed Taekkyon and made it compulsory subject for military selection examinations. After conquer of the peninsula by Koryo dynastry the utter requirement was for the strong national defense. The only requirement to become the military personnel was martial arts and Taekkyon skills were the test for promotion. Kings of Koryo dynasty showed interest in “Subakhui” (Taekkyon contest) and so forth they make it compulsory course of military training.
Modern time spans around Chosun (Yi) dynasty (1392-1910), imperial Korea and the Japanese colonial rule until 1945. Due to the use of modernized weaponry martial arts suffered and lost official support. The only time Taekwondo was revived was after the invasion by Japanese in 1592. King Jungio revived strong defensive measures by strengthening military training and martial arts practice. A book, called “muyedobotongii”, of martial arts illustration was published which contain the illustrations of 38 motions, exactly resembling today’s Taekwondo Poomsae. Although martial arts practice was banned during Japanese rule but it survived because of dedicated masters, who secretly handed down martial arts until the liberation of Korea in 1945.
After the liberation of Korea the first Taekkyondo (Taekwondo) demonstration was presented by Master Song Duk-ki before the then President of Republic of Korea Syngman Rhee, on the occasion of his birthday. Taekwondo gymnasiums started opening, around 2,000 Taekwondo masters were sent to more than 100 countries for foreigners’ training. Taekwondo was incepted as National Martial Arts in 1971 which followed by Kukkiwon initiation in 1972. A year later on May 28, 1973 the World Taekwondo Federation was formed. In 1974 Taekwondo was admitted to Asian games as an official event. U.S. Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) accepted Taekwondo as an official sports, followed by its admission to the General Association of International Sports federations (GAISF). In 1976 it was adopted by International Council of Military Sports (CISM). In 1980 WTF was recognized by International Olympic Committee which made Taekwondo a non-Olympic sport. Then the adoption of Taekwondo as an official event was followed by the World Games in 1981, the Pan-American games in 1986, and finally by the 2000 Olympiad held in Australia.